Optometry is the branch of medicine that deals with eyes and eyes-related structures, visual systems, and vision information processing in humans. Optometrists are healthcare professionals who provide primary vision care ranging from sight testing and correction to the diagnosis and treatment of vision changes. Optometrists are qualified to diagnose and treat eye diseases like Diabetic Retinopathy, Cataracts, Glaucoma, and Macular Degeneration. Optometrists are in some cases qualified to perfrom minor eye surgeries, but for major eye surgery, the patient must seek a qualified opthamologist.
Optometry education and certification is regulated in most countries.
The median annual wages of salaried optometrists were $96,320 in the USA in 2008, whereas the average annual income for a self-employed optometrists is $175,329, according to the American Optometric Association.
In America, it takes four years of optometry school to obtain Optometry Doctorate (OD). Most optometrists or eye doctors also have a bachelor’s degree. It then generally takes a minimum of eight years after graduation from high school. Four years of undergrad studies and four years of medical school studies. Add to that an optional fifth year residency.
United States of America
There are 20 American educational institutions that offers a doctorate level program in optometry. These programs generally have an undergraduate degree as a must for admission and they then run four years addressing academic and clinical eye care topics.
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